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The aggregate the Romans used included pieces of rock, ceramic tiles, and bricks from older, demolished buildings

The aggregate the Romans used included pieces of rock, ceramic tiles, and bricks from older, demolished buildings

Per very early style of Roman architecture, the «opus quadratum» dates back preciso the time of the ancient Etruscans, before the beginning of the Roman Republic

Like any other concrete, Roman concrete consists of aggregate and mortar. Verso binder, such as gypsum, was used. What other type of binder was also used? Be careful, though. You don’t want esatto put this in your mojito!

After being mixed with vaso, the mortar, which consisted of gypsum or lime, would harden over time. Mediante some areas pozzolana, also called pit sand, was used.

It was common per ancient times for prominent Romans puro construct tombs along the Appian Way. The original covering of the tomb durante the picture has been removed esatto show the bare concrete.

Placed at a forty-five degree angle, the diamond-shaped bricks were normally made of tuff or tufa, which is verso rock made from consolidated volcanic ash pushed out during per volcanic eruption. «Opus» (term for per piece of art) and «reticulatum» (net-like), translates sicuro net-work; the design was named because the Romans believed the brickwork resembled a net. This design was prevalent durante the first century BC.

Latin for «brickwork», «opus latericium» was the design used during the imperial epoca con Rome. Verso Roman architect, Vitruvius, used this term for structures that were built with unfired bricks.

The example of «opus reticulatum» con the picture comes from verso wall sopra the city of Pompeii, which was destroyed by the eruption of Mt

Verso new Appian Way was constructed con 1784 that was parallel with the old one; now the older section of road that dates back to Roman times is called the «Strada Appia Antic». The building is an example of verso tomb, built along the old stretch of the road, which dates back puro ancient Rome.

Generally, this decorative pattern was used sopra the construction of pavement, but it was also used as per pattern on walls and as firebacks mediante hearths. This design was also used during the Middle Ages, as evidenced at Usk Castle per Wales, and into the Renaissance. Filippo Brunelleschi used this pattern in constructing the dome of the Cathedral of Florence.

Believed onesto be the world’s oldest spese mall, Trajan’s Market was constructed mediante the Roman Forum per the 100s AD. The multi-level structure included shops, offices, and even a library! The herringbone pattern was used sicuro pave the floor of the market.

One of the earliest Roman architectural styles, «opus incertum» first utilized irregularly-shaped rocks and careful placement onesto make the concrete work aspetto as plain as possible. Later the amount of concrete used was reduced, and more uniform stones were selected. This made the exterior immagine even plainer.

Per ancient times the Italian town of Terracina was strategically located for the defense of the city of Rome. The riunione of the city has per massive terrace, on which stood The Temple of Jupiter Anxur. Built during the first century BC, the temple was dedicated sicuro Jupiter as per young man.

Also called «opus compositum», «opus mixtum», or «mixed rete informatica», combines many different styles. Per very popular method of brickwork used during the time of Emperor Hadrian, it usually mixes «opus reticulatum» and «opus latericium» or «opus vittatum» and «opus testaceum».

The design mediante the picture is from the remains of per Roman amphitheatre sopra Naples. Ampitheatres were oval-shaped and generally used for gladiator fights, executions, or animals fights.

«Opus sectile» was verso technique used on floors or walls that employed the use of materials that were cut and inlaid. Commonly used materials included glass, marble and mother of pearl. The inlaid pieces used for «opus sectile» are much larger than the ones used for the technique called «tessellated mosaic». Other civilizations, such as Egypt, also used this technique.

The design of the «opus sectile» was found on the floor of the Basilica of Junius Bassus. Built on the Esquiline Hill, the basilica is considered to be the source of some of the best examples of this type of rete di emittenti.

The «opus africanum» technique was also used mediante Carthaginian architecture, and is common per North Africa. It has also been found on buildings mediante Sicily and southern Italy.

Sopra the picture, the metroon, any building dedicated sicuro per mother goddess, was built for Cybele, who was known sopra Rome as the «Magna Mater». The Romans officially adopted her cult after much conciliabule during the Second Punic War, which was fought against Carthage per Africa. Cybele became Rome’s «Great Mother» until Christianity overtook the pagan religion.

At that time mortar was not used and the blocks were uneven. The Greeks altered the «Etruscan Way», using stretchers, or long blocks and headers, which turned the blocks width-wise. Once the Romans invented concrete, walls mediante this style were common.

Per architecture, having per coffered dome, which is also called verso lacunar ceiling, meant that it was made of sunken panels, done in some type of geometric shape. The panels con the Pantheon dome are square. This method was employed puro try and lighten some of the weight that the dome had esatto carry, while keeping the integrity of the framework.

First commissioned during the reign of Augustus, and destroyed by fire sopra 80 AD, the Tempio was rebuilt in 126 AD during the reign of Hadrian. As its name implies, the Tempio was built as verso temple for all the gods. Since Roman times it has been used as per Christian church as well as verso tomb.

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